Photo: Kustbevakningen

Notification in advance

Merchant ships arriving to a Swedish port from a foreign state have an obligation to provide information about the ship and persons on board to the Coast Guard. In addition to the personal data of crew members, the estimated time for entry and departure is specified.

The Swedish Coast Guard performs a screening of the pre arrival documents that involves a check of the public record of the Schengen Information System (SIS). The results are then communicated to the Coastguard control and command center and to the police authorities in charge in the concerned region.

Maritime security

The regulations of shipping protection aim to protect the shipping sector against crimes of violence including terrorism. The framework provides a requirement that all vessels with a gross tonnage of 500 ton or more that intends to enter a Swedish port must supply an established system with their security information prior to the arrival.

Certificate of Decontamination

In paragraphs 22 and 23 of the law (2006:1570)concerning protection of international threats against people’s health, it is clearly stated that a Master of a ship shall when initially entering a Swedish port/harbour shall supply the Swedish Coast Guard and the Swedish customs with a certificate that proves that an extermination of insects, rats and other animals that can carry infectious diseases and thus be a risk for humans, has been performed, alternatively that an extermination of this kind is not necessary on this vessel (the certificate of decontamination).

In the Public Health Agency’s (Folkhälsomyndigheten) Instructions and General Advice on protection of people’s health, HSLF-FS 2015:8 the situations where the certificate of decontamination is not needed is clearly stated. According to HSLF-FS 2015:8 the Master of such a vessel that is described in Chapter 4, paragraph 21-24 of the Custom’s Instructions and General Advice (TFS 2000:20) concerning The Custom’s general procedures etc., and the exceptions to the rule of producing the certificate of decontamination (This is under the condition that the Swedish Customs and the Swedish Coast Guard do not specifically ask for a certificate). The Master of a vessel does not have to demonstrate the actual certificate if the Swedish Customs and the Swedish Coast Guard accepts the Master’s statement that the certificate exists.

The Customs and The Swedish Coast Guard have an agreement that it is the Coast Guard that is to be the recipient of all information concerning the certificate of decontamination that enters via the Maritime Single Window. If the case of a certificate, or statement from the Master, not being supplied the Swedish Coast guard is to immediately inform the municipality involved. The municipality will then be responsible of inspecting the vessel, and if actions are needed exterminate the vermin.