The Coast Guard has independent responsibility for border control at the Swedish sea border. The Coast Guard conducts inspections of commercial, recreational and fishing boats, and checks their crews and passengers. These inspections are carried out in accordance with Swedish and European legislation.
People on board ships can be checked in port, on board ships or in specific areas in the immediate vicinity of the port. The purpose of the check is to examine whether the crew and passengers fulfil the requirements for entry into and exit from the Schengen area. Merchant vessels are verified by examination of the crew and passenger lists and, when deemed necessary, by conducting an inspection on board the ship.
Regular ferry service vessels may only enter the regular terminals (checkpoints) in the ports, and are checked in this manner. Cruise ships are checked in much the same way as merchant vessels, but only at the first port of arrival to and the last departure port from the Schengen area. Fishing vessels and pleasure craft are examined through an on board inspection in port or at sea.
The Coast Guard is responsible for the administrative control of maritime traffic. Swedish Maritime Clearance (SMC), which is the National Contact Point (NCP), receives reports from shipping. These reports are to include lists and details of the crew and any passengers on ships entering Swedish ports.
Border surveillance at sea
The Coast Guard aims to adhere to Sweden's commitment to manage the EU's common external maritime border. The external maritime border is monitored on the basis of maritime situational awareness using ships and aircraft, and from land. The Coast Guard is also actively involved in various international activities in the border area.
External borders may only be crossed at border crossing points and during specific hours. Which hours apply must be clearly indicated at border crossing points that are not open around the clock. Vessels bound for ports which are not border crossing points or which are bound for closed border crossing points must have permission from the Coast Guard to enter these ports. There are some exceptions to this rule for leisure boats and fishing vessels.